Department of Applied Science
7360 Applied Geophysics
I. Instructor: Dr. Haydar Al-Shukri
II. Catalog Description:
Utilization of various geophysical prospecting techniques to explore the upper few kilometers of the earth for natural resources, environmental, and engineering problems. Introduce the students to the main methods of geophysical prospecting, instrumentation and fieldwork. Train the students on the planning of the geophysical field experiments, selecting the appropriate equipment for each particular problem, executing the required work and handling the field procedures. Introduce the students to various techniques of reducing geophysical data, forward and inverse modeling, and geological interpretation.
III. Prerequisites: Calculus I, II, III, and differential equation or approval of instructor (Math1451, Math1452, Math2453, Math3322)
IV. Course Objectives:
A. Introduce the students of applied science to the main methods of geophysical prospecting, instrumentation and fieldwork.
B. Train the students on the planning of the geophysical field experiments, selecting the appropriate equipment for each particular problem, executing the required work and handling the field procedures.
C. Introduce the students to various techniques of reducing geophysical data, forward and inverse modeling, and geological interpretation.
V. Expectation of Students:
A. Students will participate in all class meetings and will complete assigned readings and other preparation for discussion of the subject matters.
B. Students will achieve satisfactory grades on a midterm and a final examination.
C. Students will complete written term paper and give oral presentation about a field experiment of selected topic.
VI. Course Content:
1. Propagation of seismic waves.
2. Velocity and attenuation of seismic waves
3. Instrumentation of seismic prospecting
4. Seismic reflection prospecting
a. Acquiring of seismic reflection data
b. Seismic data processing
c. Geological interpretation of seismic reflection data
d. 3-D seismic exploration
5. Seismic Refraction
a. Refraction versus reflection
b. Travel-time calculation
c. Refraction operation in the field
d. Correction and processing of refraction data
e. Interpretation and modeling
B. Gravity Prospecting
1. Principal and instrumentation
2. Field measurement and data reduction
3. Gravity anomalies for various geological features
4. Design of survey
5. Techniques for displaying and enhancing anomalies
6. Regional – Residual separation
7. Qualitative interpretation; forward and inverse modeling
C. Midterm Examination.
D. Magnetic Prospecting
1. Basic concepts and definitions
2. Magnetism of the earth
3. Magnetic susceptibility of rocks
4. Magnetic anomalies
6. Airborne data collection
7. Magnetic survey on land
8. Data processing
9. Qualitative and quantitative interpretation of magnetic data
E. Electric and electromagnetic prospecting
1. Electric properties associated with rock
2. Direct-current resistively methods
3. Natural-source electromagnetic techniques
4. The self-potential method
5. Electromagnetic prospecting of the inductive type
6. Induced polarization
F. Ground penetrating radar
1. Instrumentation and principal.
2. Field techniques
3. Data reduction and interpretation
G. Final examination and oral presentation of term paper.
VII. Textbook: Burger, H.R. (1992). Exploration Geophysics of the Shallow Subsurface, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 489p.
VIII. Basis for student evaluation:
B. Laboratory and experiments reports 35%
C. Term paper and presentations 35%
C. Final examination 15%