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DRILL PREPARATIONS FOR
PLANNERS AND/OR ADMINISTRATORS
1) After constituting special teams to deal with emergency response and preparations (see Section 3), hold a special meeting with each team to discuss its responsibilities and recommended preparations:
- Planning -- oversee whole process
- Administrator/EOC -- coordinate response
- Teachers -- deal with students (determine which teachers, if any, will be relieved of classroom duties to serve on other teams)
- First Aid -- maintaining medical kits and knowing procedures
- Search and Rescue -- maintaining tools and knowing procedures
- Site Security -- direct police, medical and fire personnel to places within building; close off building if necessary
- Fire Safety -- special fire patrol; gas shutoff; maintain equipment
- Evacuation -- assess situation in evacuation area and organize evacuation to it
- Maintenance -- maintain food and water supplies, sanitation supplies, shelter provisions
- Other special teams -- for example, bus drivers, counselors or communications
2) Discuss with all teams the plan's overall goals and purposes:
a) Let the purpose of each part of the emergency plan (preparedness, emergency response, evacuation) determine what a specific drill's goals should be.
b) Decide which kinds of drills can best test the goals.
c) List five main objectives of each drill (for example: reaction time, coordination, communication, training).
d) Decide criteria for success and/or revision of plan's parts.
3) Explain the different kinds of drills and their goals:
a) Duck, cover and hold--in which everybody gets under a desk or table for 60 seconds and holds on to it.
b) Evacuation--in which only that response is tested.
c) "Walk through"--in which actions and responsibilities of each team are discussed by all and coordinated.
d) "Shock"--in which first aid response to injuries is tested.
e) Full Scale--actual field test of a complete plan during a simulated earthquake.
4) Discuss and determine procedures for evacuating building:
See the Checklist for Developing and Evaluating an Evacuation Plan (next page).
5) Plan for the unexpected--generate alternative procedures for each of your steps:
- Key personnel get injured or killed.
- Power fails.
- Water pumps stop or water lines break.
- Evacuation routes get blocked.
- Aftershocks further damage precarious structures or nonstructural elements.
- There could be fire.
- Injured people can't move.
- Communications equipment doesn't work.
- The earthquake hits while students are on buses.
- Classroom door(s) jam closed.
6) Build evaluation into your procedures. Specify all the goals you want to accomplish and then give yourself a checklist (or use the Team Tasks Checklist) so you can assess the drill and change areas that need improvement.
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School Earthquake Preparedness Guide - State of
Arkansas Office of Emergency Services, 1993