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CHECKLIST FOR DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING
AN EVACUATION PLAN
A. Organization--provision is made, and responsibility assigned, for the following functions:
- Determining optimum evacuation routes--can be the same as fire routes, but need not be.
- Informing everyone in the building about the evacuation routes and assembly area(s).
- Assessing the safety of the emergency assembly area.
- Clearing the evacuation route or designating another.
- Ordering evacuation.
- Communicating order to others.
- Assisting in evacuation.
- Helping special needs students.
- Accounting for all students and staff.
- Shutting down utilities and equipment.
- Securing the facility and presiding over the release of students.
- Keeping records of decisions made and students released.
- Announcing facility reentry or another plan.
B. Emergency Situation--during an earthquake, everybody does only one thing:
DUCK, COVER AND HOLD.
C. Evacuation Orders--consideration must be given to the following:
- Evacuation should never be automatic.
- You should draw up criteria to help determine when not to evacuate.
- There are degrees of evacuation--know when each is called for:
- Procedures for communicating the order should be clear to everyone.
- Ways to communicate other information back to the EOC should also be clear.
D. Evacuation Process--the following must be done:
- All areas searched and all people accounted for.
- Evacuation routes and reception area(s) checked out.
- Determination made that evacuation is definitely indicated.
- Evacuation instructions developed and communicated.
- All able-bodied students and staff evacuated.
- All disabled students and staff helped by someone.
E. Assembly and Accountability--you must have a system and team to:
- Account for everyone.
- Report roll call results to EOC.
- Determine who is in most need of medical aid.
- Communicate first aid and rescue needs to internal and external medical and rescue crews.
F. Securing the Facility--there should be a system and team for:
- Checking the safety of the facility.
- Reporting all findings to the EOC.
- Closing all but one door of the school. (Locked doors must be able to be opened from inside to prevent entrapment.)
- Monitoring release of students to parents or others.
- Liaison with outside helping agencies.
G. Conclusion of Evacuation--you must have a system for deciding to:
- Terminate the evacuation order.
- Coordinate a return to the facility OR
- Issue an order to release all the children as soon as possible (or transfer them to an alternative site and leave the grounds completely).
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School Earthquake Preparedness Guide - State of
Arkansas Office of Emergency Services, 1993